The Punjab Police is responsible for policing in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. Mission of Punjab Police is prevention and detection of crime, maintenance of law and order and enforcement of the Constitution of Pakistan. With more than 180,000 active members, it is the world's second largest police organization.Multan, is a Pakistani city located in Punjab province. Multan is Pakistan's 5th most populous city, and is the premier-centre for southern Punjab province.
The system of policing in Mughal Era was organized on the basis of land tenure. Zamindars were responsible for apprehending disturbers of the public peace and performing other policing duties. At the level of the village these functions were performed by the village headmen. In large towns administration of the police was entrusted to, functionaries called kotwals who discharged the combined duties of law enforcement, municipal administration and revenue collection. Patrol officers in the shape of village watchmen or patels in villages and peons, horse patrolmen and such other like men in the towns were present. Violent organized crime was usually dealt with by the military.
The modern system of policing was introduced during British Rule, The British administration relieved the zamindars of their responsibility for police service and introduced magistrates with daroghas and other subordinate officers for Police purposes. The Punjab Police was also organized on the pattern of two main branches, the Military Preventive Police and the Civil Detective Police. As this arrangement was not found to be satisfactory so in 1860 the Government of India urged the Government of Punjab to look into the system of policing then prevalent in the Province. However, as the issue was of general importance the central Government appointed a commission to enquire into whole question of policing in British India. The Calcutta Police Commission of 1860 recommended the abolition of the Military Arm of the Police, the appointment of an Inspector General of Police in the Province and the placement of Police in a district under the District Superintendent. The Commission recommended that only the District Magistrate should exercise any Police functions. Based on the recommendations of the Commission the Government of India submitted a bill which was passed into law as Act V of 1861. The Police Act of 1861 was adopted. The organizational design that followed the Act survives to this day.
The Punjab Police Rules of 1934 documented the police practices as they stood at that time and introduced some new measures for improving administration and operational effectiveness of police. The content of the Rules reveals that the Punjab Police had grown into a thoroughly professional police organization by 1934 and possessed considerable knowledge of the crime and criminals in the province. It had developed effective procedures and practices for dealing with various kinds of criminal activity. The administrative and disciplinary functions were also elaborated. The Rules have served as the model for similar sets of rules in other provinces of Pakistan and are still in force today.
Punjab Police after Independence
The Punjab Police played a significant part in handling the refugee crisis of 1947-48. It continued as a separate organization till 1955 when it was merged with the police of other provinces to create the West Pakistan Police. The DIG West Pakistan was Inayat Ali Shah. DIG East Pakistan and DIG West Pakistan used to report to one IG which during the decade of the 1950s was Qurban Ali Khan. There were several attempts to review and reform police organization and performance during the 1950s and 60s which however could not be implemented. The legal framework of police in Pakistan underwent a major change as a consequence of Devolution of Power Plan implemented between 2001 and 2006. The Plan provided for devolution of a considerable portion of Provincial Government's authority and functions to districts and introduction of public accountability of police.
The question of policing has been the subject of much debate before and after independence and a number of commissions, committees were formed by various governments for the purpose. Some of the more important commissions and committees are as follows:
- Select Committee of 1832
- Police Commission of 1860
- Police Commission of 1902
- Lumsden Committee of 1926
- Police Commission of 1961 under Justice J.B.Constantine
- Pakistan Police Commission of 1969 under Major General A.O.Mitha
- Police Station Inquiry Committee of 1976 under M.A.K Chaudhry
- Police Reforms Committee of 1976 under Rafi Raza
- Police Committee of 1976 under Aslam Hayat
- Police Reforms Implementation Committee of 1990 under M.A.K Chaudhry
- Punjab Government Committee of 2001 under Shahzad Hassan Pervaiz
- Focal Group on Police Reforms of 2000
Arms & Ammunations:
AK 47, MG3 Machine Gun, H&K G3, H&K MP5, Glock Series Pistols, Beretta 92fs, Shotguns, Tear Gas Gun
Toyota Hilux (Single Cab & Double Cabin Vigo), Toyota Corolla, Toyota Land Cruiser, Toyata Land Cruiser (70 Series), Mohafiz (Vehicle)